Economic and Emissions Analysis and Modeling Support

LEAD supports training and technical assistance to enhance analytical capacity in support of LEDS, such as economic and emissions modeling, technology pathways, marginal abatement cost (MAC) curve development. Examples of models and analytical tools for which the LEAD program can provide capacity building and support include:

  • The Long range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) model developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), a LEAD implementing partner. LEAP is used for medium- to long-term energy planning and GHG mitigation assessment.  It can track energy consumption, production, and resource extraction in all sectors of an economy, and can account for both GHG emission sources and sinks in the energy and non-energy sectors.
  • Marginal abatement cost (MAC) curves. MAC curves are sets of options to reduce GHG emissions or other pollutants. A marginal abatement cost curve states the specific costs of mitigation of the different options. It presents how much tCO2 emissions can be abated per specific option and thereby the amount of money it will cost or save per tCO2.
  • Natural resource valuation techniques to support land use allocation decision processes. These techniques can improve cost-benefit analysis to inform land managers on the ecological, economic, and social implications of different, potentially competing, land use options. The LEAD program collaborates and coordinates with the USAID/RDMA Lowering Emissions in Asia’s Forests (LEAF) program and other partners in building this capacity within the region.